On 26 November 2018, the WP29’s successor, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) published, Guidelines on the territorial scope of the GDPR (Art. 3). The proposed Guidelines are open for public consultation until 18 January 2019. The Guidelines provide some clarification around the boundaries of what constitutes an establishment in the EU, the status of tourists and factors that determine whether data subjects in the EU are being targeted.
The EDPB also provides some guidance on the conditions of appointment of an EU representative for non-EU controllers and processors. However, the Guidelines do not address other key interpretive questions arising from Art. 3 and Chapter V (transfer restrictions) and leave many key legal questions open.