Tag Archives for " algorithm "

The privacy pro’s guide to explainability in machine learning

With the GDPR’s implementation date looming, there has been much discussion about whether the regulation requires a “right to an explanation” from machine learning models.

Regardless of the regulation’s effects on machine learning, however, the practical implications of attempting to explain machine learning models presents significant difficulties.

Source: The privacy pro’s guide to explainability in machine learning

The tyranny of algorithms is part of our lives

Credit scores already control our finances. With personal data being increasingly trawled, our politics and our friendships will be next.

For the past couple of years a big story about the future of China has been the focus of both fascination and horror. It is all about what the authorities in Beijing call “social credit”, and the kind of surveillance that is now within governments’ grasp. The official rhetoric is poetic.

According to the documents, what is being developed will “allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step”.

Source: The tyranny of algorithms is part of our lives: soon they could rate everything we do | John Harris | Opinion | The Guardian

Fairness and Accountability Design Needs for Algorithmic Support in High-Stakes Public Sector Decision-Making

Calls for heightened consideration of fairness and accountability in algorithmically-informed public decisions—like taxation, justice, and child protection—are now commonplace. How might designers support such human values? We interviewed 27 public sector machine learning practitioners across 5 OECD countries regarding challenges understanding and imbuing public values into their work.

Source: [1802.01029] Fairness and Accountability Design Needs for Algorithmic Support in High-Stakes Public Sector Decision-Making

Unfairness By Algorithm: Distilling the Harms of Automated Decision-Making

Analysis of personal data can be used to improve services, advance research, and combat discrimination. However, such analysis can also create valid concerns about differential treatment of individuals or harmful impacts on vulnerable communities.

Source: Unfairness By Algorithm: Distilling the Harms of Automated Decision-Making

In the United States, computers help decide who goes to jail

Every day, judges across the United States face harrowing decisions: How many years should they give the bipolar woman convicted of murder? Should they jail the young—possibly innocent—man awaiting trial, or release him on bail, where he could commit a crime? Facing overflowing dockets, courts are increasingly using computer-based tools to help make those choices. Now, a new study suggests that one widely used tool—an algorithm that calculates “risk scores” for defendants in sentencing or bail hearings—is no better than people armed with a few key pieces of information.

Source: In the United States, computers help decide who goes to jail. But their judgment may be no better than ours | Science | AAAS

Privacy in 2018: Expect the unexpected

Making predictions for the year ahead is possibly as desirable as unreliable. In a world of unlimited data and advanced science, it would be tempting to think that the future is already written. Algorithms and artificial intelligence will show us what lies ahead with immaculate accuracy. Or perhaps not. At least not yet. To say that the world is in turmoil is an understatement and the same is true of the world of privacy and data protection, which makes predicting the future particularly tricky. But since the urge to plan, budget and prepare for what is likely to happen next is so real, now is a good time to pause, reflect about what’s going on, and make some predictions for 2018.

Source: Privacy in 2018: Expect the unexpected

Report on the ethical matters raised by algorithms and artificial intelligence

Public awareness around the role of algorithms and artificial intelligence in our everyday lives has been rising subsequently in the past few months: the role of social media in the U.S. presidential election is an example of such an interest.

Source: How can humans keep the upper hand? Report on the ethical matters raised by algorithms and artificial intelligence

NYC May Be at the Vanguard of Algorithmic Accountability in 2018

Next year promises to be an important year for advancing conversations about accountability in artificial intelligence. While civil society has been grappling with the implications of artificial intelligence for awhile, more and more lawmakers are becoming aware of the difficult ethical challenges posed by algorithms and automated decision-making systems.

Source: NYC May Be at the Vanguard of Algorithmic Accountability in 2018

How much …? The rise of dynamic and personalised pricing

Cheaper croissants in the morning is one thing; being charged according to your credit rating is another. As Black Friday approaches, should we trust the prices of online stores – and even bricks-and-mortar retailers?

Source: How much …? The rise of dynamic and personalised pricing | Money | The Guardian

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