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Tag Archives for " Artificial Intelligence "

Why We Need to Audit Algorithms

Algorithmic decision-making and artificial intelligence (AI) hold enormous potential and are likely to be economic blockbusters, but we worry that the hype has led many people to overlook the serious problems of introducing algorithms into business and society. Indeed, we see many succumbing to what Microsoft’s Kate Crawford calls “data fundamentalism” — the notion that massive datasets are repositories that yield reliable and objective truths, if only we can extract them using machine learning tools.

A more nuanced view is needed. It is by now abundantly clear that, left unchecked, AI algorithms embedded in digital and social technologies can encode societal biases, accelerate the spread of rumors and disinformation, amplify echo chambers of public opinion, hijack our attention, and even impair our mental wellbeing.

Full article: Why We Need to Audit Algorithms

Google is afraid of assuming your gender with Gmail’s Smart Compose feature

Instead of building a better AI system or giving users a choice of suggestions, Google is removing all gender-specific terms from Gmail’s Smart Compose suggestion tool over fears of backlash from easily offended users.

Full article: Google is afraid of assuming your gender with Gmail’s Smart Compose feature – TechSpot

CIPL Publishes Report on Artificial Intelligence and Data Protection in Tension

The Centre for Information Policy Leadership (“CIPL”) recently published the first report in its project on Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) and Data Protection: Delivering Sustainable AI Accountability in Practice.

The report, entitled “Artificial Intelligence and Data Protection in Tension,” aims to describe in clear, understandable terms:

  • what AI is and how it is being used all around us today;
  • the role that personal data plays in the development, deployment and oversight of AI; and
  • the opportunities and challenges presented by AI to data protection laws and norms.

Source: CIPL Publishes Report on Artificial Intelligence and Data Protection in Tension

Algorithms can reduce discrimination, but only with proper data

If self-learning algorithms discriminate, it is not because there is an error in the algorithm, but because the data used to train the algorithm are “biased.”

It is only when you know which data subjects belong to vulnerable groups that bias in the data can be made transparent and algorithms trained properly. The taboo against collecting such data should, therefore, be broken, as this is the only way to eliminate future discrimination.

Full article: Algorithms can reduce discrimination, but only with proper data

AI, IoT, and edge computing drive cybersecurity concerns for 2019

As companies adopt emerging technologies, the cyber risk landscape is set to grow larger in the new year, according to a Forcepoint report. 2018 saw many large-scale data breaches, but 2019 will shift to more widespread, integrated cybersecurity concerns. Industrial IoT disruption, phishing attacks, and edge computing present some of the largest areas of cybersecurity risks.

Full article: AI, IoT, and edge computing drive cybersecurity concerns for 2019 – TechRepublic

Researchers Defeat Most Powerful Ad Blockers

Perceptual ad blockers will come out on the losing side in the war against internet advertisers and expose users to a host of new attack vectors in the process, the researchers warned. According to new research an AI was able to defeat perceptual ad blockers.

Source: Researchers Defeat Most Powerful Ad Blockers, Declare a ‘New Arms Race’ – Motherboard

China surveillance tech can ID people by their walk

Chinese authorities have started using “gait recognition” software – artificial intelligence that identifies people by their body shape and the way they walk – for mass surveillance on the streets of Beijing and Shanghai. The tech can reportedly recognize people from up to 50 meters away, even if their face is hidden or their back is facing the camera.

Full article: China surveillance tech can ID people by their walk, report says – CNET

Building Ethics into Privacy Frameworks for Big Data and AI

IAPP and UN Global Pulse has released a joint report titled “Building Ethics Into Privacy Frameworks For Big Data and AI.” The report provides an overview of how organizations can operationalize data ethics, drawing on the discussions of an event organized by IAPP and UN Global Pulse. It also highlights the findings from additional research about data ethics and international privacy best practices.

Source: “Building Ethics into Privacy Frameworks for Big Data and AI”: A report from UN Global Pulse and the IAPP

Europe’s AI ethics chief: No rules yet, please

In a global race to dominate artificial intelligence technology, Europe needs to keep its urge to regulate under control — at least for now. That’s the main message from Pekka Ala-Pietilä, a former president of Nokia and tech entrepreneur who is overseeing EU efforts to draw up principles that will underpin any future regulation of the technology.

Source: Europe’s AI ethics chief: No rules yet, please – POLITICO

The EU plans to test an AI lie detector at border points

Trials for AI lie detection at border patrol checkpoints are set to begin soon in the EU. The program, called iBorderCtrl, will run for six months at four border crossing points in Hungary, Latvia and Greece with countries outside the European Union. iBorderCtrl is an EU-funded project that uses AI in order to facilitate faster border crossings for travelers.

The system has users fill out an online application and upload some documents, like their passport, before a virtual border guard takes over to ask questions. Travelers will answer while facing a webcam and the system will analyze and rate dozens of micro-gestures.

Source: The EU plans to test an AI lie detector at border points – The Verge

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