The European Commission will propose legislation on artificial intelligence this month, and it has taken pains to emphasize that its priority is to strictly regulate what it deems “high-risk” uses. One example is the use of facial recognition technology in public places, which digital rights groups argue could enable widespread biometric surveillance. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen even hinted at banning such uses, saying the Commission “may need to go further” in regulating AI technologies “incompatible” with European human rights.
But Europe’s drive to put privacy front and center of its AI strategy could limit the scope of its collaboration with the U.S., which appears to be less concerned about surveillance. “The illegal use of personal data for facial recognition is not compatible with European fundamental rights and poses an issue for transatlantic cooperation on AI,” said Green MEP Alexandra Geese, who’s a member of the Parliament’s artificial intelligence committee.