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Tag Archives for " Artificial Intelligence "

Surveillance exposes limits of transatlantic AI collaboration

The European Commission will propose legislation on artificial intelligence this month, and it has taken pains to emphasize that its priority is to strictly regulate what it deems “high-risk” uses. One example is the use of facial recognition technology in public places, which digital rights groups argue could enable widespread biometric surveillance. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen even hinted at banning such uses, saying the Commission “may need to go further” in regulating AI technologies “incompatible” with European human rights.

But Europe’s drive to put privacy front and center of its AI strategy could limit the scope of its collaboration with the U.S., which appears to be less concerned about surveillance. “The illegal use of personal data for facial recognition is not compatible with European fundamental rights and poses an issue for transatlantic cooperation on AI,” said Green MEP Alexandra Geese, who’s a member of the Parliament’s artificial intelligence committee.

Source: Clearview scandal exposes limits of transatlantic AI collaboration – POLITICO

Thought-detection: AI has infiltrated our last bastion of privacy

Our thoughts are private – or at least they were. New breakthroughs in neuroscience and artificial intelligence are changing that assumption, while at the same time inviting new questions around ethics, privacy, and the horizons of brain/computer interaction.

Research from the UK and an update from Elon Musk on human trials at his brain interface company show software is now eating the mind.

Source: Thought-detection: AI has infiltrated our last bastion of privacy | VentureBeat

Digidog, a Robotic Dog Used by the Police, Stirs Privacy Concerns

The New York Police Department has been testing Digidog, which it says can be deployed in dangerous situations and keep officers safer, but some fear it could become an aggressive surveillance tool.

The police said the robot can see in the dark and assess how safe it is for officers to enter an apartment or building where there may be a threat.

Jay Stanley, a senior policy analyst with the American Civil Liberties Union, said empowering a robot to do police work could have implications for bias, mobile surveillance, hacking and privacy. There is also concern that the robot could be paired with other technology and be weaponized.

Source: Digidog, a Robotic Dog Used by the Police, Stirs Privacy Concerns – The New York Times

Tech Firms Train Voice Assistants to Understand Atypical Speech

Approximately 7.5 million people in the U.S. have trouble using their voices, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Julie Cattiau, a product manager in Google’s artificial intelligence team, said that group is at risk of being left behind by voice-recognition technology.

Google is one of a number of technology companies now trying to train voice assistants to understand everyone.

Some made investments into voice accessibility after realizing that people with dysarthria—often a side effect of conditions including cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease or a brain tumor—may be the group that stands to benefit most from voice-recognition technology.

Source: Tech Firms Train Voice Assistants to Understand Atypical Speech – WSJ

GCHQ to use AI to tackle crime and disinformation

GCHQ  published a paper called Ethics of AI: Pioneering a New National Security which explains why the technology – enabling problem-solving at scale and speed – will be at the heart of our mission to keep the country safe in an increasingly complex world.

The paper also details how GCHQ  will ensure they use AI fairly and transparently, applying existing tests of necessity and proportionality. This includes establishing an AI ethical code of practice to recruiting more diverse talent to help develop and govern our use of AI, protecting privacy and striving for systematic fairness.

Source: GCHQ to use AI to tackle child sex abuse, disinformation… – GCHQ.GOV.UK

The Future of AI Policy in the UK

On January 6, 2021, the UK’s AI Council – an independent government advisory body – published its AI Roadmap.

In addition to calling for a Public Interest Data Bill to ‘protect against automation and collective harms’, the Roadmap acknowledges the need to counteract public suspicion of AI and makes 16 recommendations, based on three main pillars, to guide the UK Government’s AI strategy.

The UK Government is currently considering its response to the AI Council’s recommendations and a draft strategy will be published for consultation later this year.

Source: AI Update: The Future of AI Policy in the UK

‘Orwellian’ AI lie detector project challenged in EU court

A legal challenge was heard today in Europe’s Court of Justice in relation to a controversial EU-funded research project using artificial intelligence for facial “lie detection” with the aim of speeding up immigration checks.

The transparency lawsuit against the EU’s Research Executive Agency (REA), which oversees the bloc’s funding programs, was filed in March 2019 by Patrick Breyer, MEP of the Pirate Party Germany and a civil liberties activist — who has successfully sued the Commission before over a refusal to disclose documents.

He’s seeking the release of documents on the ethical evaluation, legal admissibility, marketing and results of the project. And is hoping to set a principle that publicly funded research must comply with EU fundamental rights — and help avoid public money being wasted on AI “snake oil” in the process.

Source: ‘Orwellian’ AI lie detector project challenged in EU court | TechCrunch

Police To Use A Network Of 1,000 “Anveshak” AI Cameras To “Spotlight” A Person’s Every Movement

Indian Institute of Science (IISc) researchers have figured out a way to turn a vast network of CCTV cameras into one massive surveillance network, which can target a specific vehicle or person.

Police can use Anveshak’s artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to track an individual’s movements by using multiple surveillance cameras from various sources. Anveshak will allow law enforcement to use a vast network of public and private surveillance cameras to track an individual persons movement’s between blindspots.

Source: Police To Use A Network Of 1,000 “Anveshak” AI Cameras To “Spotlight” A Person’s Every Movement | MassPrivateI

Commission reveals details on future EU robotics policy

The European Commission aims to present a revision of the machinery directive in the second quarter this year, and it has recently been revealed that there are plans to tackle issues related to ‘human-robot’ collaboration, as well as improve the transparency of Artificial Intelligence algorithms in robots.

Moreover, the Commission will also look at the radio equipment directive, which covers communications transmitted by devices connected to the Internet of Things, in an attempt to bolster privacy protocols.

Source: Commission reveals details on future EU robotics policy  – EURACTIV.com

The Creeping Normalization of Robotic Police Officers

It looks like 2021 will be the beginning of the era of robotic law enforcement. A growing number of police departments around the country are purchasing robots for police work, and as this behavior becomes normalized, major concerns are starting to arise.

The NYPD purchased a robot dog earlier this year that is apparently capable of opening doors. The same kind of robot police dog has been tested out by the Massachusetts State Police. The use of drones by police departments has skyrocketed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Police departments around the country have purchased the weeble-wobble-looking robot Knightscope robot that apparently enjoys running over children’s feet and ignoring people who need help.

Full article: The Creeping Normalization of Robotic Police Officers | Digital Trends

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