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Tag Archives for " Artificial Intelligence "

EU High-Level Working Group on AI launches pilot phase of Ethics Guidelines and publishes  Recommendations for Trustworthy AI

On June 26, 2019, the EU High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG) announced two important developments: (1) the launch of the pilot phase of the assessment list in its Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI; and (2) the publication of its Policy and Investment Recommendations for Trustworthy AI.

The Recommendations are the second deliverable of the AI HLEG; the first was the Group’s Ethics Guidelines of April 2019, which defined the contours of “Trustworthy AI”.

Source: Two new developments from the EU High-Level Working Group on AI: launch of pilot phase of Ethics Guidelines and publication of Policy and Investment Recommendations for Trustworthy AI

AI used to identify thieves in Walmart

The American supermarket chain, Walmart has said that it uses AI recognition technology on its checkouts to help root out shoplifters.

The AI cameras are capable of spotting when items have been placed inside a shopping bag without having been scanned either by a cashier or through the self-service scan mechanism.

Source: AI used to identify thieves in Walmart, USA

Can Government Manage Risks Associated with Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence can help government agencies deliver better results, but there are underlying risks and ethical issues with its implementation that need to be resolved before AI becomes part of the fabric of government.

Agencies will need to address multiple risks and ethical imperatives in order to realize the opportunity that AI technology brings.

Full article: Can Government Manage Risks Associated with Artificial Intelligence? – Nextgov

FRA publishes paper on Quality vital for data-driven artificial intelligence

Algorithms, used in machine learning and artificial intelligence, are responsible for analysing the data and making these decisions.

Therefore, a new European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) focus paper questions the quality of data behind automated decision-making and underlines the need to pay more attention to improving data quality in artificial intelligence.

Source: Quality vital for data-driven artificial intelligence | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

ICO’s Interim Report on Explaining AI

On June 3, 2019, the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), released an Interim Report on a collaboration project with The Alan Turing Institute called “Project ExplAIn.”

The purpose of this project, according to the ICO, is to develop “practical guidance” for organizations on complying with UK data protection law when using artificial intelligence (AI) decision-making systems; in particular, to explain the impact AI decisions may have on individuals.

Source: ICO’s Interim Report on Explaining AI

Coming to store shelves: cameras that guess your age and sex

Eyeing that can of soda in the supermarket cooler? Or maybe you’re craving a pint of ice cream? A camera could be watching you.

But it’s not there to see if you’re stealing. These cameras want to get to know you and what you’re buying.

It’s a new technology being trotted out to retailers, where cameras try to guess your age, gender or mood as you walk by. The intent is to use the information to show you targeted real-time ads on in-store video screens.

Full article: Coming to store shelves: cameras that guess your age and sex

International Privacy Experts Adopt Recommendations for AI, Location Tracking

The International Working Group on Data Protection has adopted new recommendations for artificial intelligence and location tracking.

The Berlin-based Working Group includes data protection authorities who assess emerging privacy challenges. The IWG report “Privacy and Artificial Intelligence” sets out fairness and respect for human rights, oversight, transparency and intelligibility as key elements of AI design and use.

Source: International Privacy Experts Adopt Recommendations for AI, Location Tracking

ICO Blog Post on AI and Solely Automated Decision-Making

The ICO has published a blog post on the role of “meaningful” human reviews in AI systems to prevent them from being categorised as “solely automated decision-making” under Article 22 of the GDPR.

That Article imposes strict conditions on making decisions with legal or similarly significant effects based on personal data where there is no human input, or where there is limited human input (e.g. a decision is merely “rubber-stamped”).

Source: ICO Blog Post on AI and Solely Automated Decision-Making

Pilot promised for new EU ethical guidelines for AI

Businesses in Europe exploring the use of artificial intelligence (AI) will be given a chance this summer to pilot the use of new ethical guidelines for AI, the European Commission has said.

Companies, public administrations and organisations can participate by signing up to the European AI Alliance.

Source: Pilot promised for new EU ethical guidelines for AI

A new US bill would force companies to check their algorithms for bias

US lawmakers have introduced a bill that would require large companies to audit machine learning-powered systems — like facial recognition or ad targeting algorithms — for bias.

If passed, it would ask the Federal Trade Commission to create rules for evaluating “highly sensitive” automated systems. Companies would have to assess whether the algorithms powering these tools are biased or discriminatory, as well as whether they pose a privacy or security risk to consumers.

Source: A new bill would force companies to check their algorithms for bias – The Verge

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